Questions about the October 2019 Military World Games in Wuhan

Questions about the October 2019 Military World Games in Wuhan

Questions about the October 2019 Military World Games in Wuhan 285 177 Jamie Metzl

Earlier today, a Canadian military officer who had heard my interview on pandemic origins with Lex Fridman, contacted me through my website, telling me he had participated in the October 2019 World Military Games in Wuhan, where he and many other athletes had gotten extremely sick.

The 2019 Military World Games were held in Wuhan, China from October 18-27, 2019. For those not familiar with these games, militaries from around the world send teams to compete (more here) in what is designed to foster mutual understanding and bridge-building.

The Canadian officer and I jumped on a Zoom call this morning, when we spoke for 45 minutes. I found him extremely credible and impressive. Although he believes it’s extremely likely he was infected with the SARS-CoV-2 virus while in Wuhan, he was never given a serology test, even after raising the possibility of infection in Wuhan with his superiors.

His goal in reaching out to me was to raise the profile of his concerns while protecting his identity as a serving officer. For this reason, he agreed for me to post this information on my blog. The goal of this blog post is to raise fundamental questions and to encourage a deeper process of interviewing, testing, and analyzing any frozen blood samples taken from Military World Games athletes who fell ill during or following the Wuhan 2019 games.

Should it be the case that Chinese authorities knowingly put the health and well-being of international athletes at risk in October 2019, that would inevitably raise major questions regarding international participation in the February 2022 Beijing Olympics.

The Canadian military officer shared the following points:

  • He and the Canadian athletes delegation arrived in Wuhan on October 15, 2019;
  • They immediately noticed that Wuhan, a city of 11 million inhabitants, was a ghost town – the markets were empty, they could see no one going in and out of buildings, no cranes were moving, there were only a few cars on the roads, etc.
  • About one week into their stay, he and many other athletes from many teams became extremely ill;
  • On the Canadian team’s military flight home so many athletes were so ill that a quarantine section was established in the back of the plane;
  • The officer was extremely ill from his return through early 2020 and reported this to his medical officer;
  • As news of the pandemic grew, many MWG athletes began communicating with each other about whether they had been infected with the SARS-CoV-2 virus;
  • As these rumors mounted, the Surgeon General of the Canadian armed forces sent around a memo on 22 January, 2020 saying: “We are not aware of any 2019-nCoV cases among CISM MWG participants. Your individual risk of having been exposed to 2019-nCoV during temporary duty in Wuhan City for the seventh CISM MWG is negligible. This is because of two key reasons. First, all CAF participants left China and returned home well before the virus had begun circulating in Wuhan city. Second, all CAF participants have now been home far longer than the maximum incubation period (12-14 days) between virus exposure and 2019-nCoV symptom development.”
  • Despite his expressing concerns about whether he might have been infected by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, no serology tests were done;
  • In later 2020, the Canadian officer saw a military internist who told him he had very likely contracted COVID-19;
  • The Canadian officer says he has still not been able to return to level of fitness prior to the illness he contracted during the world military games;
  • The officer feels like his government has been extremely cautious in asking questions about whether Canadian MWG might have been infected with the SARS-CoV-2 virus and in securing additional samples for analysis.

It is certainly concerning that so many military athletes became ill during the Military World Games. Although members of the US Congress and others have called for a deeper investigation of this issue, it is unfortunate this has not yet happened in any systematic and meaningful way. This is certainly something that the World Health Organization’s Scientific Advisory Group on the Origins of Novel Pathogens (SAGO) should pursue.

We should also be doing everything possible to secure access to blood samples from the MWG games athletes who fell ill as well as the stored blood samples of Wuhan residents during the second half of 2019. As is by now well known, the Chinese government has prevented all access to these critical samples in the context of its massive coverup and extensive efforts to block any meaningful investigation of pandemic origins.

Our governments can and should also be doing far more. The letter from the Canadian Surgeon General is a case in point. The January 2020 letter rests on an unfounded belief that the SARS-CoV-2 virus had not begun circulating in Wuhan in October 2019. This is by no means a settled issue. Lots of phylogenetic data suggests that the outbreak likely began in October or November of 2019 (some even say September), so it’s not at all impossible that the MWG athletes could have been infected. One study even suggests a link between these athletes coming home from Wuhan and initial outbreaks in their home countries.

Although we cannot yet say for sure whether the Military World Games Athletes were infected with the SARS-CoV-2 virus when competing in Wuhan in October 2020, and there’s a very real possibility this was not the case, this issue at very least deserves further examination within the context of a full and credible investigation of pandemic origins.

That’s why all roads lead to the same conclusion: Everyone on earth is a stakeholder in ensuring — and must demand – a comprehensive investigation into pandemic origins in China with full access to all relevant records, samples, and personnel.

Rather than rewarding Beijing with another opportunity for a propaganda spectacle when the Beijing Winter Olympics open in February, we should be demanding full transparency and accountability as an absolute precondition for international diplomatic participation.

Addendum (posted on December 16, 2021)

Following the publication of this post, the Canadian officer sent me an email on December 16, 2021 describing his experiences in some additional detail. With his permission, the body of that message in included below:

This was my 6th World Military Games event. Wuhan was like nothing I’d seen before. The money and energy thrown at it was something to behold. Propaganda par excellence. But the feeling in Wuhan was eery. It really hit at the opening ceremonies when our assigned standard-bearer (holding the placard in front of our flag bearer) wept, and I mean sobbed, while maintaining the biggest shit-eating “picture perfect” smile on her face. Gotta look good for Xi. I can only imagine what goes on in Xinjiang.
Wuhan itself felt like a cordon sanitaire. That’s the only way I can put it. I had a similar experience when on operations before. It’s a weird time when you have to reference everything you say for fear of being canceled and painted as a conspiracy theorist. Wuhan life…
As the saying goes, we’re a product of our experiences, and since my teens, the military has trained me to work and think in a certain manner. The military doesn’t attract the brightest, so it beats into our heads how it wants us to think. As both an operational planner and tactical operator, we’re trained to think in terms of risks and probabilities– most likely vs most dangerous. This is basics. What completely baffles me is there seems to be no open discussion of the balance of probabilities/risk assessment for the origins of the virus and the follow-on decisions, or lack thereof, carried out by the PRC. My most probable/likely base case, founded on my experience on the ground in Wuhan, early reports, the nature of the regime, and the research conducted there, points heavily towards a lab leak with an extensive coverup to save face. Most dangerous, though less likely — but which should be open to discussion — is that this was intentional and planned. The peripheral tin-foil-hat theories should be dealt with openly on the principle that sunlight is the best medicine for both virus and mis-dis/information. In my eyes, the “wet-market bat-pangolin” story is equal to “Fort Detrick” or “Event 201” being responsible. All of this should be dealt with openly, ref:;
Add all this to the response by my government et al, and it’s incompetence at best and malevolence at worst in either completely ignoring or suppressing an evidence-based assessment of what went on. I noticed a couple of comments to your article and just laughed. I don’t think the average citizen can appreciate what it’s like to work in a bureaucracy like the military. You’ve worked in government so I know you get it– it’s a cluster-fuck 90% of the time. Countless numbers of us all tried to get tested, report to our respective base medical officers, etc, etc, and we were all roundly fucked-off. And I’m one of the crustier ones. Just think that most of the contingents are made up of very junior privates and corporals. Imagine what kind of chance they have bringing this forward. And it’s not like the Generals or Diplomats who were in attendance are going to do anything. They know who they are and not one of them is willing to step into this geo-strategic lion’s den and political swamp– then they’d have to do something.
This isn’t going away. The virus is still here. People are still dying, economies are in tatters, freedom of movement is still restricted, balance sheets have blown-out to historic levels, and now the PRC and their partners think it’s a ripe time to make their ascent to power? History will look back on those trying to deflect and appease as they have on similar types in the past. Quislings, the lot of them. We press on.
(Posted January 11, 2022)
After posting this blog, I received additional messages from other athletes who competed in the 2019 Wuhan Military World Games. Some of these messages were from athletes with a different perspective on what they believe occurred in Wuhan. Because my goal is to turn over every stone — and not to prove any particular hypothesis — I will add these types of messages as I receive them (with the permission of the authors).
e-mail received 1/10/22:
  • I was not sick during or after the subject event, those on the aircraft with me while returning from the subject event were demonstrating gastronomic effects, common with travel to international events and consuming food from those regions that the athletes are not used to eating. A couple of athletes also had more “flu-like symptoms” but even those were not respiratory in nature at all (no cough, no difficulty breathing, just the associated fever, and gastro illness with nausea). This is expected to have come from one of our athletes being ill with the flu on the aircraft on the way to the games. He was similarly placed at the back of the plane with a washroom dedicated to him to ensure he had rapid access if needed.
  • Upon returning home to Canada, COVID was not yet a known entity, there were no tests for it yet and as a result, nobody was concerned. Months later, once COVID became known and testing for it became possible, most of the athletes just found it humorous that we had been in the same location months prior. Nobody drew a link between the MWGs and COVID. It wasn’t until months after that, we received an email stating that if we had any concerns, we could speak with a military healthcare professional, but at that time, the military didn’t have any antibody tests, so it would have been useless anyway (all just speculation).
  • As a result, I am confident that COVID was not present on the military transport aircraft returning from the MWGs, the symptoms were not similar to those of COVID and there was no further spread upon the athletes returning home to their Bases/Wings. In fact, the first known Canadian cases were not seen until several months later. Knowing how quickly and effectively COVID spreads, I expect we would have seen it much sooner if it had returned with us.

e-mail received 1/11/22:

  • I’m a Canadian Armed Forces athlete who also participated in the 2019 Military World Games. I’m writing you to hopefully provide balance to the viewpoint of the other athlete you spoke with, as I fear you’re at risk of sampling bias: I think you’re more likely to hear from athletes who are already suspicious versus (I suspect) many like me who had a rather ‘normal’ experience and are perhaps less likely to reach out. I have no issues with further investigating the pandemic origin in general, but the other athlete seems to have already drawn conclusions, and in my opinion, is falling victim to severe confirmation bias.

    I would not characterize Wuhan as a ‘ghost town’ in my MWG experience. While traffic was sparse between the athlete village and competition venues, I would attribute this to traffic control (impossible for me to know for sure, but seems logical for competition organizers to avoid athletes being stuck in traffic). I saw plenty of local citizens milling about in shopping areas, subway stations, and markets when I was in public after my events had concluded. I had never been to Wuhan before, so I can’t compare to ‘historical levels’, but it seemed pretty normal to me.

    The other athlete’s distaste for the host government is glaring in the Dec 16 addendum to your blog post. Objective criticism is fair game, but these comments are a red flag for strong confirmation bias in the athlete’s other observations and conclusions, in my opinion.
    Again, I have no issues with asking questions or trying to learn more about this situation. However, I encourage you and other stakeholders and journalists to challenge any possible biases when giving a platform to so-called ‘whistleblowers’.
email received 1/24/22:
I am an active serving member of the CAF and was a Canadian athlete at the 2019 World Military Games in Wuhan, China.
  1. I became ill approximately 8 days after we arrived in Wuhan with the following symptoms:
    1. Day 1: Fever, vomiting, diarrhoea
    2. Day 2: extreme fatigue, shortness of breath, fever, diarrhoea
    3. Day 3: extreme, fatigue, shortness of breath, fever, diarrhoea, nose bleeds
    4. Day 4 and return to Canada: extreme fatigue, shortness of breath, fever, diarrhoea/constipation, shortness of breath, nosebleeds, chest pain when swallowing or breathing.
  2. The “Day 4” symptoms lasted approximately 2 weeks after my return; I sought care at my local health unit. I was told it was likely acid reflux.
  3. Two weeks post return I was no longer getting a fever but the following symptoms persisted:
    1. chest pain when swallowing or breather
    2. extreme fatigue
    3. nose bleeds
    4. diarrhoea/constipation
    5. intermitted shortness of breath
  1. The nosebleeds stopped roughly 3 weeks after that.
  2. Of note, approximately 10 days after my return, both my children had severe fevers that lasted approx. 5 days
  3. my mother who visited upon my return, was sick with all of my above-mentioned symptoms and bed ridden for almost a month.
  4. in approx. May 2020 the local hospital’s IPAC heard about my travel to Wuhan and subsequent illness. They asked if I could take an antibody test to see if I had had COVID-19 for a study. I asked a CAF Doctor if it is something I could get permission to take the test; I was told that it wasn’t necessary and that the CAF doesn’t believe we had been exposed to COVID-10.
  5. My wife, did take the test, and did indeed have COVID-19 antibodies.
  6. I currently still suffer from shortness of breath and fatigue.
  7. Of interesting note, I was interviewed by a local reported in Wuhan following one of our events. The question they asked me: “Did you notice that we asked our citizens to either leave the city or remain in their homes during the world military games in order to avoid traffic?”. At the time, in a communist country it seemed plausible. But now, I can’t help but wonder what the real reason a city of 15 million people was put in to lockdown.
email received 1/26/22:
  • It would have been very interesting if we could have all gotten tested immediately upon return to see if any of us were carrying the virus. It was an incredibly long flight back, so I personally didn’t feel great for a couple of days when I returned, but I have no way of knowing if I was just travel weary or if I was infected. No one I interacted with came down with symptoms that were unique to COVID (such as the loss of smell) after my return so as far as I know I was not infected, or at least didn’t spread it to anyone. Many of us passed through Seattle on the way back, and I believe that was one of the cities to have some of the first cases, so again it’s possible someone was a carrier. Since they initially said up to 80% of people with it were asymptomatic, and all of us were healthy athletes, it is again possible that we could have spread it without knowing it.
  • If the Chinese did intend to spread this virus globally for some reason then the MWGs would have been the perfect place to do it, however, I really can’t see how it would benefit them, so I’m not sure why they would have intentionally used the games to spread a virus that hurt them as well. If the virus accidentally escaped the lab or came about naturally during the time we were there, then certainly it is feasible that some of the participants may have contracted and spread it.
  • I don’t think I have an interesting story to share but if you are dividing athletes into groups of people who do or don’t believe that it’s quite possible the MWGs contributed to the spread, I’m in the group that believes it is quite possible, but without more data I wouldn’t be able to speculate on the actual likelihood.
  • On a side note, from our interaction with the Chinese during the game, I believe they would do anything to save face and even if they do know the truth (which they may or may not) I don’t believe they will ever tell us.